Category: Medical Articles

What is hematocrit? Hematocrit is the percentage of red blood cells in the total blood volume. Red blood cells are vital to your health. Imagine them as the subway system of your blood. They transport oxygen and nutrients to various…

What Is an Aortic Aneurysm? An aneurysm is a swelling or bulge, usually in a blood vessel. An aortic aneurysm is a swelling or bulge on your aorta that can grow and rupture if it’s not treated. The aorta is…

Temporal arteritis Temporal arteritis is a condition in which the temporal arteries, which supply blood to the head and brain, become inflamed or damaged. It is also known as cranial arteritis or giant cell arteritis. Although this condition usually occurs…

What is cholesterol? Cholesterol is a type of lipid. It’s a waxy, fat-like substance that your liver produces naturally. It’s vital for the formation of cell membranes, certain hormones, and vitamin D. Cholesterol doesn’t dissolve in water, so it can’t travel…

What is constipation? Constipation occurs when your bowel movements become less frequent (fewer than three times per week) or are difficult to pass. This decrease in bowel movements can last for several weeks or longer. Sometimes your stools can be…

Haemorrhoids are enlarged, congested veins just under the surface tissue of your rectum (the last part of your bowel) or your anus (the opening of your bowel). Haemorrhoids that occur in your rectum are called internal haemorrhoids, and those that…

Sinusitis is inflammation of the sinuses that surround the nose (paranasal sinuses), and is usually accompanied by rhinitis – inflammation of the lining of the nose. This is known as rhinosinusitis. Sinusitis is defined as either: acute (symptoms come on…

Gout (sometimes called gouty arthritis) is a common type of arthritis caused by too much uric acid in the bloodstream. The uric acid forms clumps of small, sharp crystals inside and around the joints, leading to sudden attacks of severe…

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that is generally noticed in early childhood. Affected people have problems with social understanding, social behaviour and communication. The term ‘autism spectrum disorder’ has replaced ‘autism’, as it has been increasingly recognised…

Fatty liver is the build up of fats within the cells of the liver to the point that more than 5-10% of the liver is fat. There are 2 types of fatty liver disease: alcoholic liver disease and non-alcoholic fatty…